What is Foetal Distress

What is Foetal Distress?
What is Foetal Distress?

Before birth, the term used for the developing baby is “fetus.” Medical experts refer to any signs of discomfort exhibited by the fetus either in the womb or shortly after birth as “fetal distress.” While such occurrences are rare, some women do encounter fetal distress during labor.

Several factors contribute to fetal distress:

  • Smaller-than-average fetal size.
  • Advanced maternal age or delayed pregnancy, prompting the fetus to exert pressure within the uterus.
  •  Reduced oxygen supply through the umbilical cord.
  •  Frequent contractions.
  • Maternal conditions like hypertension or diabetes.
  •  Higher likelihood in twin pregnancies.

To mitigate the risk of fetal distress, it’s advisable to abstain from alcohol and nicotine for at least two months before conceiving. Opting for nutritious, unprocessed foods also helps prevent fetal distress. Regular prenatal checkups enable healthcare providers to identify and address any developing issues promptly.

If you notice unusual activity in the womb, seek immediate medical attention. Increased fetal movements or changes in position may indicate distress, sometimes imperceptible to the mother but detectable by healthcare professionals.

Signs such as passing of meconium in the amniotic fluid or prolonged fetal tachycardia signal fetal distress, confirmed through procedures like fetal scalp blood sampling for oxygen levels.

Precautionary measures include administering oxygen to the mother and intravenous fluids to alleviate uterine pressure, with advised positioning to ease pressure on the uterus.

If concerned about your baby’s health, consult your gynecologist promptly for personalized care. Remember, while fetal distress can be worrying, excessive anxiety may affect overall well-being.