What is a Caesarian Section

What is a Caesarian Section?
What is a Caesarian Section?

A Cesarean delivery, commonly referred to as a C-section, involves surgical delivery of a baby through an incision made in the belly and uterus. It’s now one of the most prevalent major surgeries performed on women. C-sections can be elective or unplanned.

– Elective Cesarean: Planned before the onset of labor, often chosen by women to avoid labor discomfort.
– Emergency Cesarean: Unplanned and conducted during labor if complications arise posing risks to the mother or baby. While some are true emergencies, most allow time for preparation.

In a genuine emergency, the procedure from incision to delivery is swift (about 2-5 minutes), while non-emergency C-sections typically take 10 to 15 minutes. After delivery, approximately 45 minutes are required to deliver the placenta and suture the incisions.

Various reasons may necessitate a C-section:

– Non-progression of labor
– Fetal size too large for safe vaginal delivery
– Previous C-section
– Multiple pregnancies
– Placental abnormalities
– Abnormal fetal position (breech or transverse lie)

Recovery after a C-section typically requires a hospital stay of 3 to 4 days and takes longer than vaginal delivery. It takes about 4 weeks for the incision to heal, with occasional discomfort possible for up to a year. Pregnant individuals should discuss C-sections with their healthcare provider to prepare for possible emergencies.