What does Gastroenteritis in Adults mean

What does Gastroenteritis in Adults mean?

What Causes Gastroenteritis

The two most common causes of gastroenteritis in adults are norovirus and food poisoning. This infection can disrupt the absorption of water and salts from the intestines into the body, leading to watery diarrhea as the most common symptom.

In most cases, seeing a doctor is unnecessary as the symptoms of gastroenteritis typically resolve on their own within a short period of time. However, if symptoms persist or worsen, it may be necessary to provide stool samples for examination to detect specific bacteria or parasites. If a pathogen is identified, medication can be prescribed accordingly. Additionally, blood and urine tests may be conducted to rule out other conditions or infections.

Preventing the spread of gastroenteritis is crucial as it is highly contagious. Some preventive measures include:

  • Thoroughly washing hands with soap and water, or using antibacterial hand wash, after each visit to the toilet and before cooking or eating.
  • Regularly cleaning toilets, including disinfecting the toilet seat and basin after vomiting or diarrhea episodes.
  • Avoiding sharing towels, flannels, cutlery, or utensils with others in the household.
  • Refraining from attending work or public places for at least 48 hours after the onset of symptoms to prevent spreading the infection to others.