What do you understand by Prediabetes

What do you understand by Prediabetes?

Prediabetes presents a risky state wherein symptoms can be elusive, making it challenging to determine if an individual is transitioning into diabetes. In this condition, blood sugar levels are elevated beyond normal yet remain below the threshold for diabetes diagnosis.

The underlying mechanism of prediabetes involves the body’s cells becoming less responsive to insulin, leading to increased blood glucose levels. This condition is considered a precursor to diabetes due to its resemblance in blood glucose levels, though relatively milder.

The causes of prediabetes are not fully understood, but factors such as excess abdominal fat, sedentary lifestyle, and stress are believed to contribute to its development. Additionally, conditions like high blood pressure, low HDL (good cholesterol) levels, and high triglyceride levels are often associated with prediabetes.

Insulin plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels by facilitating glucose absorption into cells. However, in prediabetes, the insulin process becomes impaired, leading to inadequate glucose absorption and elevated blood sugar levels. This insulin resistance results in decreased insulin secretion by the pancreas, exacerbating the accumulation of sugar in the bloodstream.

Prediabetes may manifest without noticeable signs or symptoms, making it challenging to detect. However, symptoms resembling those of diabetes, such as increased hunger, weight fluctuations, blurred vision, and skin darkening (acanthosis nigricans), may occasionally occur. Other symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, and blurred vision. If experiencing these symptoms, consulting a healthcare provider for blood glucose screening is advisable.


For individuals on the borderline of diabetes, adopting a healthy lifestyle can help regulate blood sugar levels or prevent further elevation. Key strategies include selecting foods low in fat and calories but high in fiber, engaging in physical activity for at least 30 minutes on at least three days per week, maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise, and considering medication if necessary. Before exploring dietary supplements or alternative therapies, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider.

Taking precautions regarding diet, exercise, and medication is crucial for managing prediabetes effectively. Viewing prediabetes as an opportunity to enhance overall health is beneficial, as the progression to diabetes isn’t inevitable. By implementing modest lifestyle adjustments such as consuming nutritious foods, incorporating physical activity into daily routines, and achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, individuals can mitigate the risk of developing diabetes and bring blood sugar levels back to a healthier range.