What are the reasons behind the increased infertility risk in overweight men? Learn expert strategies for managing this issue

Why Do Obese Men Have A Higher Risk Of Infertility Problems? Know Ways To Deal From An Expert
Why Do Obese Men Have A Higher Risk Of Infertility Problems? Know Ways To Deal From An Expert

Men with obesity face an increased risk of infertility due to lower sperm count. Excessive body weight can hinder sperm production, leading to reduced testosterone levels and diminished interest in sexual activity. Therefore, weight loss becomes crucial for restoring fertility. Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, can be effective for obese men. Obesity is often termed a silent killer due to its impact on various health aspects, including fertility.

Several factors such as stress, unhealthy dietary habits, sedentary lifestyle, and disrupted sleep patterns contribute to obesity. Obesity can significantly affect overall health and male fertility. The editorial team at Onlymyhealth interviewed Dr. Sheetal Agarwal, a Gynecologist at Apollo Spectra Hospital in Nehru Enclave, Delhi, to shed light on the effects of obesity on male fertility.

Male obesity has been linked to issues with fertility

Obesity and infertility in men

Dr. Sheetal Agarwal, a Gynecologist at Apollo Spectra Hospital in Nehru Enclave, Delhi, highlighted the correlation between obesity and male infertility. She explained that elevated body mass index (BMI) in men often leads to diminished sperm count, quality, and motility. Obesity can adversely affect blood vessels, potentially leading to erectile dysfunction. Moreover, hormonal imbalances can arise in obese men, with excess weight contributing to a conversion of testosterone to estrogen. This hormonal shift can further impair sperm production due to reduced testosterone levels.

Dr. Agarwal pointed out that obese men often experience elevated scrotal temperatures due to closer proximity of the scrotum to surrounding body tissues. This heightened temperature can detrimentally affect sperm health. Additionally, she noted that obese men frequently exhibit decreased interest in sexual activities, which can impact fertility.

She emphasized that weight loss through a balanced diet and regular exercise can be beneficial for obese men, helping to manage hormonal imbalances and improve fertility. Seeking guidance from a healthcare professional regarding appropriate dietary choices is advised. Maintaining a consistent sleep schedule and managing stress through activities like yoga or meditation can also be beneficial. In some cases, weight loss surgery may be recommended by a doctor as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Strategies for addressing infertility in overweight males


There’s a common misconception that only a woman’s weight impacts fertility. However, overweight men are also prone to having low or absent sperm counts, as highlighted in a March 2012 article in JAMA Internal Medicine. Here are some approaches to address this issue:

1. Take healthy diet

When obesity is identified as a contributing factor to male fertility issues, weight loss becomes crucial. A balanced and nutritious diet is fundamental in any weight loss regimen. Diet significantly influences hormone balance and achieving an optimal BMI. Consulting your doctor regarding recommended foods and those to avoid can be beneficial in this regard.

2. Exercise regularly

In addition to maintaining a healthy diet, regular exercise is another valuable component in weight loss efforts. Engaging in various forms of exercise such as weight training and cardio can offer distinct benefits to the body. Integrating activities like yoga and meditation alongside cardio workouts can also aid in stress reduction, contributing positively to overall well-being.

3. Consult doctor

If adopting a healthy diet and regular exercise regimen doesn’t yield desired results, consulting with a doctor is advisable. Medical professionals can prescribe medications or recommend complementary and alternative therapies to address obesity-related subfertility. Weight loss surgery may also be considered, but only under the guidance and recommendation of a doctor.