Men Should Be Aware: Thyroid Disorders Can Impact Them Too, Recognizing the Signs

Although thyroid disorder is more prevalent among women, men are also susceptible to developing it. It’s important for men to recognize the signs and symptoms associated with this condition.

Thyroid Disorder Can Affect Men Too: Signs To Watch Out For
Thyroid Disorder Can Affect Men Too: Signs To Watch Out For

The thyroid gland, a small organ in the body, plays a crucial role in producing hormones responsible for regulating metabolic rate, growth, and development. It oversees energy utilization and supports various bodily functions, including heart rate, muscle control, and digestion. When the thyroid gland malfunctions, it can result in thyroid disorders. While it’s commonly associated with women, men can also be affected. To shed light on this topic, Only My Health consulted Dr. Amruta Bakshi, MBBS, MD, CCMTD (Thyroid Disorders) at Loop Health, for insights.

Thyroid disorders are often more prevalent among women, but it’s essential to recognize that men can also be affected by them

Thyroid disorders are often more prevalent among women, but it's essential to recognize that men can also be affected by them

“Thyroid disorders can affect men just as they do women, although they are more commonly associated with the female population,” said Dr. Bakshi, emphasizing the importance of recognizing the signs and seeking proper diagnosis for early detection and effective management.

According to a study published in the Medical Clinics of North America, thyroid disorders occur more commonly in women than in men. The study suggests that this gender difference may be partially attributed to the autoimmune nature of many thyroid disorders, as autoimmune diseases occur more frequently in women.

Despite the higher prevalence among women, men can also experience thyroid issues, including overactive thyroid, also known as male hyperthyroidism.

Understanding the Distinction Between Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism

Understanding the Distinction Between Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are indeed both prevalent thyroid disorders, but they represent distinct conditions with unique characteristics and symptoms.


Hypothyroidism, also referred to as an underactive thyroid, occurs when the thyroid gland fails to produce a sufficient amount of hormones. Mayo Clinic identifies the most common cause of hypothyroidism as an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s disease. In autoimmune diseases like Hashimoto’s, the immune system generates antibodies that attack healthy tissues, potentially affecting the thyroid gland’s ability to produce hormones.


Hyperthyroidism arises when the thyroid gland overproduces hormones, leading to an imbalance in the body. Common causes include inflammation of the thyroid gland, excessive iodine intake, overconsumption of thyroid medications, and the presence of a noncancerous tumor in the pituitary gland.

Watch Out For The Symptoms In Men

Dr. Bakshi explained, “Signs of thyroid disorders in men can vary depending on the specific condition. Hypothyroidism, characterized by an underactive thyroid, may present with symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, depression, constipation, and decreased libido. Conversely, hyperthyroidism, associated with an overactive thyroid, may cause symptoms like weight loss, irritability, rapid heartbeat, increased sweating, and anxiety.”

Early diagnosis plays a pivotal role in effectively managing thyroid disorders

Dr. Bakshi emphasizes that diagnosing thyroid disorders involves a comprehensive assessment by a healthcare professional. “This typically includes a thorough review of medical history, physical examination, and blood tests to measure levels of thyroid hormones (TSH, T3, T4),” she explained. Additional imaging tests like ultrasound or thyroid scans may be recommended to evaluate the gland’s structure and detect any abnormalities.

Men experiencing symptoms suggestive of a thyroid disorder are encouraged to seek prompt medical attention. “Early diagnosis and proper treatment can alleviate symptoms, enhance overall well-being, and mitigate potential complications associated with thyroid disorders,” concluded Dr. Bakshi.