How is Dengue treated

What is the treatment of Dengue?

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever, and most individuals with uncomplicated cases typically recover within two weeks. Supportive care is typically recommended by doctors for those with mild forms of the disease. This may include:

– Bed rest.
– Increased fluid intake, such as oral rehydration solution, fresh juice, soups, and coconut water, to prevent dehydration caused by vomiting and fever.
– Antipyretics like Acetaminophen to alleviate pain and reduce fever. It’s important to avoid aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as they can increase the risk of bleeding complications.
– Tepid sponging to help lower fever.

For individuals with severe forms of the disease, treatment may involve:

– Hospitalization.
– Oxygen therapy if the patient is in shock or very ill.
– Medications to lower fever and alleviate pain.
– Monitoring of blood pressure, especially for those at risk of very low blood pressure.
– Intravenous (IV) fluids and electrolyte replacement to manage fluid loss, prevent dehydration, and maintain blood pressure.
– Blood transfusion if significant blood loss occurs.
– Platelet transfusion if the platelet count drops.

Prompt and careful administration of fluids, supportive care, and close monitoring can help prevent complications and improve outcomes, especially in cases of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) or Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS).